Surrogacy in Finland
Surrogacy is illegal in Finland under the Infertility Assisted Treatment Act, which became active since 01 September 2007. The legislatively formalized content of the Assisted Infertility Treatment Act, which is currently in force in Finland, allows the implementation of all other alternative fertility treatment options, but completely excludes surrogacy. It simply imposes a ban on the surrogacy process itself, without giving a strict legal definition of surrogacy. The Infertility Assisted Treatment Act contains prohibitive provisions on fertility treatment cycles developed by fertility clinics with the subsequent adoption of a newborn. In other words, surrogacy in Finland does not have a generalized legal basis.
However, in 2011, the National Advisory Committee on the Ethics of Social and Health Care stated that surrogacy is acceptable in certain situations, for example, if a woman does not have a uterus. The Ministry of Justice issued a memorandum and asked several agencies to submit their findings. Opinions were divided. The Justice Department has yet to decide whether it will introduce new legislation.
That is why Finns undergo surrogacy programs in nearby Russia and Ukraine, since today these countries have the most convenient conditions for implementing surrogacy programs.