Surrogacy in the Republic of China
It is believed that surrogacy is prohibited in China. Although it would be more correct to say that there are no specific rules governing surrogacy, with the exception of four relevant provisions set out in three sets of departmental rules issued by the Ministry of Health. In particular, Article 3 of the Administrative Measures on Assisted Human Reproductive Technologies 2001 prohibits medical institutions and medical personnel from performing any form of surrogacy procedures; Article 22 stipulates that any medical institution that violates this rule must be warned and fined no more than 30,000 yuan, and the relevant personnel in charge are subject to administrative sanctions and, if a crime has been committed, criminal liability. Article 3 of the 2003 Guidelines for Assisted Human Reproductive Technology and Article 3 of the Ethical Principles of Assisted Human Reproductive Technology and the Human Sperm Bank of 2003 confirm the prohibition of surrogacy by medical professionals.
Considering the above, millions of Chinese couples are exercising their right to become parents abroad. And the most obvious way out for them is to participate in surrogacy programs in Ukraine or Russia.